Varicose Veins , its causes and treatment | Basir Eye Center
Varicose Veins , its causes and treatment
February 8, 2019

Varicose Veins , its causes and treatment

Varicose veins occur when the damaged valves cause blood to accumulate in the veins and cause enlargement of the veins. Varicose veins are usually painful and violet-blue, purple, dark or red, usually in the leg and thighs. It is more common in older people and more common in women than men.

What is Varicose Veins

Causes of Varicose Veins

The blood vessels of the leg have one-way valves in which the elongation or loss of flexibility causes damage to these valves and disrupts their functioning, in which the blood supply to the heart is difficult and accumulated in the vessels.

The reason for the increased varicose veins in the legs is that the distance between the legs and the heart is much and gravity overcomes the body, therefore, increases the likelihood of varicose in humans. The factors that cause varicose veins are:

  • Pregnancy
  • Pressure
  • Age
  • Surgery or foot injuries
  • Menopause
  • Standing for a long time
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Genetics
  • Sex

Varicose Veins symptoms

  • Swollen veins
  • Pain and dark legs
  • Feeling heavy on the legs
  • Abnormal bleeding in the legs, especially at night or after exercise
  • Creation of fat under the skin right in the upper ankle and ankle area
  • Cramps of the leg muscles when lifting a person
  • White wounds on the ankle
  • Itching, redness and dry skin of the affected area

In some cases, people do not feel pain or discomfort, and it only looks strikingly unpleasant.

Varicose Veins and Treatments:

It usually does not cure and when you have a lot of pain and swelling, or if you have an ulcer in this area, go to your doctor to take one of the following treatment options:

Change lifestyle

Doctors work on the varicose veins and recommend that you reduce your symptoms and pain by changing your lifestyle, including:

  • Avoid prolonged standstill
  • Weight Loss
  • Exercise to improve blood circulation in the body

Compression

The doctor advises the patient to use leg compression socks to cure varicose. These socks lead the blood pressure to the heart and reduce the swelling of the leg.

Surgery

If the two above mentioned methods did not work properly, the doctor will perform surgery. In practice, splitting and closing is performed as an outpatient and causes bruises, bleeding and severe pain. For one to three weeks, it is advisable to use leg compression socks to finish the recovery. There is another method called Phlebotomy, which is an outpatient procedure and through local anesthesia the doctor removes varicose veins. This also causes infection and color changes in the affected area.

Other methods

There are many modern and contemporary methods such as Sclerotherapy, Microsclerotherapy and laser. Following are the way in which they work.

Sclerotherapy

In this method, the fluid is injected into the veins, and by blocking the large vessels, they block the blood vessels and alter the flow of blood. After a few weeks, the symptoms disappear.

Microsclerotherapy

This method is done through blocking the fluid, they block the smaller veins.

Lasers

In this method, they use erosion of small veins or spider veins. By laser light, they bleed the veins and cause the veins to disappear.

Summary:

Varicose is caused by an abnormality in the valve of the vessels in the legs due to the distance between the legs and the heart and the gravity of the earth. It is usually advisable to refrain from any surgery and tolerate it, but in some cases in the case of pain and swelling surgery is needed.

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